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There are 11 drinking water service providers within the Surprise special planning areas.
2. Use a basic water filter (faucet, refrigerator, and or pitcher type filter) that is capable of removing chlorine from the water.
Background on the Arizona Groundwater Management Act (GMA): Groundwater levels in the Phoenix-Mesa metropolitan area have been adversely impacted by historic overuse of groundwater. During the mid 1900’s, many Arizona cities began transitioning from an agricultural to an urban economy, and many policy makers became increasingly concerned about the adequacy of water supplies to support the state’s growth.
After several earlier failed efforts, water users came together to develop a comprehensive groundwater management plan, known as the Arizona Groundwater Management Act of 1980.
The Arizona Department of Water Resources (ADWR) administers and enforces the Groundwater Code. The highest level of management, with the most restrictive provisions, is applied to Active Management Areas (AMAs) where groundwater overdraft historically was most severe. The Phoenix area AMA was established in 1994 and its goal is safe-yield by 2025. Safe-yield is a long-term balance between the amount of groundwater withdrawn in the AMA and the amount of natural and artificial recharge.
The Groundwater Code places restrictions on cities’ use of groundwater, to ensure that they do not pump more groundwater than is naturally replaced or artificially recharged.
*NOTE: An aquifer is an underground layer or water-bearing permeable rock, or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, silt or clay) from which groundwater can be usefully extracted using well water. Water on the surface of the earth slowly percolates through the ground and fills the open spaces between gravel and sand particles, and the cracks and fractures of rocks.
The General Planning Area is broken into six Special Planning Areas (SPA). The SPA’s contain eleven water service providers, including Beardsley Water Company, Chaparral Water Company, Circle City Water Company, City of El Mirage, City of Surprise, EPCOR, Morristown Water Company, Puesta Del Sol Water Company, Saguaro Acres, Saguaro View, and West End Water Company.
The McMicken Dam is an earthen dam approximately 10 miles long and 34 feet high, located within the city of Surprise, between Peoria Avenue and Happy Valley Road. The McMicken Dam Project was originally constructed to protect Luke Air Force Base and surrounding agricultural lands from flooding.
Recycled water is the end product from a wastewater reclamation facility that has been disinfected, treated, and suitable for non-drinking water purposes. Click here to
•reduced demand on potable / drinking water•efficient use of wastewater•less expensive to use than potable/drinking water•not subject to drought or water restrictions•supports the city's commitment to recycling•recharges the aquifer
The following uses of recycled water are prohibited by the state: drinking, filling swimming pools, wading pools and hot tubs, and recreational activities in which the water comes in contact with your skin.
Surprise’s Class A+ recycled water is wastewater that has undergone secondary treatment, filtration, nitrogen removal treatment, and disinfection. * Class A/A+ reclaimed water may be used directly for (Source: Title 18, Chapter 11 of the Arizona Administrative Code): •irrigation of food crops or spray irrigation orchards and vineyards •recreational impoundments •residential and open access landscape irrigation (e.g. city parks) •school ground irrigation •toilet and urinal flushing •fire protection •commercial closed loop air conditioning •vehicle and equipment washing that are not self-service and snowmaking
Surprise's recycled water is used for landscape and crop irrigation, as well as for dust control and construction activities. Approximately 87% is reused and 13% percent is recharged into the aquifer (based on January through July 2007 data).
The approved uses of recycled water are safe. Additionally, accidental contact or consumption of recycled water does not pose any major concerns for humans or animals since recycled water is highly treated and recycled quality standards are stringent.
Recycled water is colorless, predominantly odorless, and does not stain.
Yes, all recycled water devices will be colored or tagged with a Pantone 512C or 522C color for easy identification. The meter box and meter will also be Pantone 512C or 522C.