Sharing the Road: Safety Tips & Laws

Sharing the Road: Safety Tips & Laws



Drivers:


When approaching a bicyclist on the street, a motorist can only pass if there is a distance of 3 feet between the vehicle and the bicycle. Less than that, the driver must remain behind the bicyclist.

School crosswalk rules:
  • The speed limit is 15 mph
  • The school zone speed limit is enforced from the first sign you see until you pass the crosswalk, then you may accelerate to the posted speed limit.
  • Your front bumper may not pass another vehicle's front bumper until you pass the crosswalk.
  • You must stop for children crossing the street
Drivers may not pass through a crosswalk until all pedestrians are completely out of crosswalk.

Bicyclist:


  • Although it is not a law, emergency officials urge all bicyclists to wear a helmet.
  • Follow all traffic signs and rules of the road.
  • If you're riding at night, use a front & rear light.
  • Use hand signals when turning.
  • Avoid busy streets when possible.

Sharing the Road & Crosswalk Laws



28-792: Right-of-way at crosswalk

  1. Except as provided in section 28-793, subsection B, if traffic control signals are not in place or are not in operation, the driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way, slowing down or stopping if need be in order to yield, to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within a crosswalk when the pedestrian is on the half of the roadway on which the vehicle is traveling or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger. A pedestrian shall not suddenly leave any curb or other place of safety and walk or run into the path of a vehicle that is so close that it is impossible for the driver to yield.
  2. If a vehicle is stopped at a marked crosswalk or at an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection to permit a pedestrian to cross the roadway, the driver of another vehicle approaching from the rear shall not overtake and pass the stopped vehicle.
28-793: Crossing at other than crosswalk

  1. A pedestrian crossing a roadway at any point other than within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles on the roadway.
  2. Between adjacent intersections at which traffic control signals are in operation, pedestrians shall not cross at any place except in a marked crosswalk.
28-812: Applicability of traffic laws to bicycle riders

A person riding a bicycle on a roadway or on a shoulder adjoining a roadway is granted all of the rights and is subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle by this chapter and chapters 4 and 5 of this title, except special rules in this article and except provisions of this chapter and chapters 4 and 5 of this title that by their nature can have no application.

§28-735: Overtaking bicycles; civil penalties [this entire section was added with the "3-foot passing" legislation of 2000, see HB2625 of the 44th legislature 2nd regular session]

  1. When overtaking and passing a bicycle proceeding in the same direction, a person driving a motor vehicle shall exercise due care by leaving a safe distance between the motor vehicle and the bicycle of not less than three feet until the motor vehicle is safely past the overtaken bicycle.
  2. If a person violates this section and the violation results in a collision causing:
    • Serious physical injury as defined in section 13-105 to another person, the violator is subject to a civil penalty of up to five hundred dollars.
    • Death to another person, the violator is subject to a civil penalty of up to one thousand dollars.
  3. Subsection B of this section does not apply to a bicyclist who is injured in a vehicular traffic lane when a designated bicycle lane or path is present and passable.

Sharing the Road & Crosswalk Laws



28-792: Right-of-way at crosswalk

  1. Except as provided in section 28-793, subsection B, if traffic control signals are not in place or are not in operation, the driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way, slowing down or stopping if need be in order to yield, to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within a crosswalk when the pedestrian is on the half of the roadway on which the vehicle is traveling or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger. A pedestrian shall not suddenly leave any curb or other place of safety and walk or run into the path of a vehicle that is so close that it is impossible for the driver to yield.
  2. If a vehicle is stopped at a marked crosswalk or at an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection to permit a pedestrian to cross the roadway, the driver of another vehicle approaching from the rear shall not overtake and pass the stopped vehicle.
28-793: Crossing at other than crosswalk

  1. A pedestrian crossing a roadway at any point other than within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles on the roadway.
  2. Between adjacent intersections at which traffic control signals are in operation, pedestrians shall not cross at any place except in a marked crosswalk.
28-812: Applicability of traffic laws to bicycle riders

A person riding a bicycle on a roadway or on a shoulder adjoining a roadway is granted all of the rights and is subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle by this chapter and chapters 4 and 5 of this title, except special rules in this article and except provisions of this chapter and chapters 4 and 5 of this title that by their nature can have no application.

§28-735: Overtaking bicycles; civil penalties [this entire section was added with the "3-foot passing" legislation of 2000, see HB2625 of the 44th legislature 2nd regular session]

  1. When overtaking and passing a bicycle proceeding in the same direction, a person driving a motor vehicle shall exercise due care by leaving a safe distance between the motor vehicle and the bicycle of not less than three feet until the motor vehicle is safely past the overtaken bicycle.
  2. If a person violates this section and the violation results in a collision causing:
    • Serious physical injury as defined in section 13-105 to another person, the violator is subject to a civil penalty of up to five hundred dollars.
    • Death to another person, the violator is subject to a civil penalty of up to one thousand dollars.
  3. Subsection B of this section does not apply to a bicyclist who is injured in a vehicular traffic lane when a designated bicycle lane or path is present and passable.